Fiber optic lighting is a recent innovation in domestic and industrial lighting vastly popular for its efficiency and easy DIY installations. Fiber optic light uses a centralized “light-pump” that delivers lights through fiber optic cables in household fixtures which can be multi-light output from a single light source.
Advantages of Fiber Optic Lightings
Fiber optic lighting has many known benefits in terms of power saving, easy installation, and ease of maintenance free. It greatly lessens the cost of housing construction because its electricity-free cabling and switching requires no skilled electricians for installation. It also reduces the risk of household fires because it lessens the need for electric wiring in general. DIY enthusiasts need no special tools and will only deal with a single cable for the light source. Fiber optic lighting is also best for outdoor use because it involves no exposed light bulbs and external electrical cables, thus reducing the risk of electrical shorts. It is also ideal for bathroom fixtures, tubs, pools, aquariums and landscape lightings because the fibers allow the electrical source to be installed away from water. Fiber optic lighting fixture is also very attractive and can evenly distribute light within a room, pool, or even a kitchen. Maintenance is also hassle-free because you only need to replace the source bulb only during a burn-out.
Components of Fiber Optic Lighting
The basic components of fiber optic lighting includes the following:
Light pump – This is a high intensity lamp unit in an optical coupling sphere. It is designed to be placed in a central utility space attached with fiber cabling that spreads out to light splitters, emitter fixtures, and optical dimmers and switches. A color wheel may be integrated to attain special lighting effects.
Heliostat – This is a solar light collector mounted on the roof or independently mounted. It allows the optic cabling to use the light of the sun as a source during daylight.
Cable – This is a pre-fabricated multi–strand glass optic fiber cable best for outdoor use with modular end-connectors. This cable allows the light to pass through via refraction and illuminates the end/tip of each strand.
Splitters – This is a terminal module that splits light uniformly from input cable to multi-output cable.
Switches/Dimmers – This refers to the optical switch/dimmer that controls the illumination.
Emitters – These are the lighting units that resemble the basic lighting fixtures like ceiling lamps and table and floor lamps. Emitters are also available in various shapes and designs, which may include a form of ceramic or glass type that is best suited for bathroom fixtures.
The stiff competition in the manufacturing of fiber optic lighting helped usher in more radical and exotic designs, thus creating a wider choice and a more appealing aesthetic application. The only disadvantage that this lighting technology presents is the high cost of the material itself.