Fiber optic is a group of thin strands of either glass or plastic coated by a material that allows light to pass through the thin fibers at high speeds without escaping out from the sides. Thus, these are capable of transmitting data signals that are sent in the form of light or laser beam without the risk of data loss. As long as the data is converted into a light signal that can be recognized by the optical fiber, it can be sent through advanced fiber optic.
Today, fiber optic technology is used to transmit various forms of data, including Internet data, audio, images, and so on in various industries, such as the entertainment, telecommunications, and medical industries.
Advanced fiber optic in communications
Among all industries, fiber optic is most prominently used in the telecommunications industry (it’s used in F1 too: Pirelli, in example, use optical fibers during races to monitor real time tyres conditions) . Internet and telephone signals are now transmitted through optical fiber, and the technology is considered as a major milestone as it has enhanced the speed through which data transmissions are made. As a result, Internet connections are faster, while telephone communications are enhanced in both capacity and quality. For data to be compatible with the fiber optic cables, telecommunications companies convert them into a binary signal relayed through light pulses; at the receiving end, these signals are then converted back into their original forms. Signal accuracy is guaranteed by passing multiple glow wire test in 100% sterile ambiences.
Although the concept behind fiber optic cables was born in 1880 when Alexander Graham Bell discovered how light can be used to transmit sound, the term ‘fiber optic’ was coined in 1956 by Narinder Kapany, who bundled a group of glass rods together. He demonstrated that the rods could transmit light without letting it leak as long as the bundle is wrapped in a dark material or coating. The potential of using fiber optic in communications was further explored by Dr. Charles Kao in 1960, and finally, in the 70s, a company called Corning Glass successfully created the first official form of the fiber optic cable.
Advanced fiber optic in medicine
In the medical world, fiber optic cables, which are small and highly flexible, are used to send cameras into patients’ internal organs, which would otherwise be impossible to see without a surgical operation. This ability to take a peek into the human body opens up many possibilities especially in diagnosing internal diseases.
Fiber optic technology today
Due to the advancement in technology, the use of fiber optic continued to improve and expand over the years as manufacturing processes also allowed companies to produce higher quality, more reliable, and more accurate fiber optic cables as well as accessories and equipment to put the technology in use; these include splicing equipment, field connectors, and so on.
Today, fiber optic cable is considered as the most sophisticated cabling technology in the world.